Abbiamo trovato il cattivo?
Have we found the bad guy?

published in July - December 2020 - pH - issue n.2
Eleonora Daini, Michele Zoli

Starting from the hedonistic doctrine of Epicurus, that puts (moderate) pleasure seeking and bodily and emotional pain avoidance as the bases of good life, the pleasure/pain dualism has always been a central theme in philosophical and then scientific thought. In the classical utilitarian theory of Bentham, where pleasure and pain are explicitly said to be the governors of human thoughts and actions, the utility of somethi ng is measured by the happiness or pleasure it produces and the unhappiness or pain it avoids.